Roots sometimes tuberous-thickened; stem slender, to 1 m; stipules lanceolate to semi-ovate, rarely over 1 cm wide; principal lfls of the larger lvs 3-9, thin, oblong-obovate or obovate, very coarsely and usually bluntly serrate; conspicuously glandular beneath, otherwise glabrous or with short hairs on the veins beneath; axis of the infl glandular, seldom with a few spreading bristles; hypanthium 2-2.5 mm at maturity, hemispheric or broadly campanulate, glandular, not hairy. Moist rich woods; Conn. to Ind. and Kans., s. to S.C., Ga., La., and Okla.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
Found throughout the state, although it is restricted to dry soil generally of thick woodland.
Indiana Coefficient of Conservatism: C = 5
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU
Diagnostic Traits: Major leaflets 9 or less, +/-glabrous; stipules dentate; axis of racemes with minute glands and sometimes with a few short hairs; sepals less than 2 mm; petals yellow; fruits (including hooked bristles) to 4 mm long.